By 1960, the combination of World War II and the massive emigration westward left East Germany with only 61% of its population of working age, compared to 70.5% before the war. The loss was disproportionately heavy among professionals: engineers, technicians, physicians, teachers, lawyers and skilled workers. The direct cost of manpower losses to East Germany (and corresponding gain to the West) has been estimated at $7 billion to $9 billion, with East German party leader Walter Ulbricht later claiming that West Germany owed him $17 billion in compensation, including reparations as well as manpower losses. In addition, the drain of East Germany’s young population potentially cost it over 22.5 billion marks in lost educational investment. The brain drain of professionals had become so damaging to the political credibility and economic viability of East Germany that the re-securing of the German communist frontier was imperative.
The barrier was built slightly inside East Berlin or East German territory to ensure that it did not encroach on West Berlin at any point. Later, it was built up into the Wall proper, the first concrete elements and large blocks being put in place on 17 August. During the construction of the Wall, National People’s Army (NVA) and Combat Groups of the Working Class (KdA) soldiers stood in front of it with orders to shoot anyone who attempted to defect. Additionally, chain fences, walls, minefields and other obstacles were installed along the length of East Germany’s western border with West Germany proper. A huge no man’s land was cleared to provide a clear line of fire at fleeing refugees.
Where are the Canary Islands?
The Canary Islands or las Islas Canarias in Spanish, are located off of the west coast of northern Africa, enjoying a sub-tropical climate referred to as “eternal spring.” They are a popular tourist destination for Spaniards and foreigners alike and have varied terrain and interesting volcanic landscapes. Four of Spain’s national parks are located there. The Canary Islands include seven islands of varying sizes: Tenerife (the largest of the islands), La Palma, La Gomera, El Hierro, Lanzarote, Gran Canaria and Fuerteventura.
Currently, the economy of the islands depends primarily on tourism, however bananas and tobacco are also grown and exported, as well as sugar cane and a number of exotic fruits
Have you ever been there?
- Atlantic Adventure-Oct. 30, 2012 Tenerife, Santa Cruz, Canary Islands (mlbrn1.wordpress.com)
- La Palma and Lanzarote (sethsnap.com)
It’s so nice to hear real English (and spoken so well and beautifully!).
Most of the English lessons that I see on the internet are given by Americans. When I go abroad, all the foreigners speak English with an American accent.
I so love the beautiful English accent!
I have to ask which county your accent comes from??
- iCard English: Daily Micro Lessons to Perfect Your Spoken English (techinasia.com)
- The Reading Pros: Wonderstruck (thelupinelibrarian.me)
- English Class (themediajourney.wordpress.com)
Bezahlen im Supermarkt, Ein- und Auschecken bei öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln, Bestellen im Restaurant: All das geht demnächst mit dem Handy, dank des neuen Funkstandards NFC. Doch Datenschützer sehen die neue Technik kritisch. Mehr dazu unterhttp://www.dw.de/dw/episode/9800/0,,16171843,00.html
- NFC South programming notes (espn.go.com)
- MIT researchers create computerized jacket that ‘hugs’ you after Facebook ‘likes’ (bgr.com)
- 2 Languages I know or would like to know… (myjourneywithdepression.wordpress.com)
La Mezquita-Catedral de Córdoba es el monumento por antonomasia de la ciudad que fuera capital del califato omeya de Al-Andalus. Declarada en 1984 Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO, es un edificio rebosante de historia, testigo de todas las culturas que han vivido y convivido en Córdoba, prueba de ello es que un día fue Basílica, llamada entonces de San Vicente, posteriormente Mezquita Alhama y, en la actualidad, Catedral, bajo la advocación de la Ntra. Sra. de la Asunción
- 5 July 2012 Cordoba, Spain (artistsalfresco.wordpress.com)
- On the Road: Round Trip from Chile to Brazil – Part 1 (tunquenwines.wordpress.com)